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84                                           FLORA   1NDICA.
of the Botany of the British Possessions in India, we eannot
restrict ourselves to these limits without omitting many im-
portant additions made by English naturalists to our know-
ledge of the Indian Flora: and we have hence, in assigning
geographical limits to our labours, been guided as well by cir-
cumstances of botarical importance, as by natural and poli-
tical boundaries. \Vc shall therefore include,— to the north,
the whole Himalaya, and as much of Tibet as is known, —to
the west, Afghanistan and Bclueiu'stan,- to the east, all the
countries to the ^cst of the chain which divides Ava from
Siam, and the whole of the Malayan peninsula,--and to the
south, the island of Ceylon. It is obviously impossible, even
were it necessary, to define these boundaries more rigidly.
By including them, we gain a point of the greatest importance
botauically, in illustrating the Indian Flora, namely, a very*
fair representation of the Moras of Kgypt, Persia, and Ku-
rope, to the west,—of Siberia to the, north,--of China to the
east,—and of the Malayan Archipelago to the south-cast; of
the. union of the sjKuncs, genera, or orders of which flora*,
that of India is mainly composed.
Lest, however, we. should be thought too arbitrary in push-
ing our boundaries so far, we way appropriately infcrodwe
here, a few remarks oil the subject, which will explain our mo-
th es more fully. Till very recently, no part of the Himalaya
belonged to the British Government, the province of Ku-
maon (between the Ganges and Kali) alone exccpted; but
later events have added the whole mountain region between
the Ravi and Satlej, and placed the remainder of the North-
west Himalaya, including Kashmir, ^o mueh under British
influence, that an account of its Flora is as esnentinl to bo-
tanists in India and Europe, as is that of auy of the Bri-
tish possessions. The Tibetan provinces of Ladak and Balti,
which continue, as formerly, appanage* of Kashmir, have re*
eeutlv boon very completely explored bot an testily by soventl
travellers, whuse labours cannot be overlooked, because their
herbaria contain many plants which will hereafter be found